Jane Wilkinson Cravey 1803 – 1879

Jane Wilkinson was one of the oldest children of Archibald Wilkinson. She came with her father to Georgia in 1826. By the standards of the time, she was an old maid.

The family stopped first in Monroe County. At that time, the Georgia Land Lotteries were taking place every few years and a two year residence requirement was in place to participate. However, many land speculators turned around their winnings and sold to the highest bidder. Jane’s father purchased a 202.5 land lottery parcel from a Mr. Sledge in 1827.  At that time, there were only a few families in the newly formed Troup County, which makes our family one of the first settlers of the area.

Archibald died toward the end of 1828 or beginning of 1829.  He left no will, but he had a lot of property, slaves and goods.  The dispersal of same meant that each of children had a tidy sum to set off in life with. Jane probably had about $3000 in cash, which was a lot 190 years ago.

In 1830 several of the older girls married, including Jane.  She married James Cravey in December of 1830.  There was an age difference of about seven years between the couple. Their first child, Margaret, was born in 1833 in Georgia.

The young family moved to Alabama, as did several other brothers and sisters. It is my conjecture that they moved there in 1834 when there was a brief gold rush.  Additionally, the land lotteries in Alabama also made more Creek land available to white farmers.  Two more girls were born in Alabama, but by 1843 the family had settled down in Washington County, Florida and there they stayed.

James Cravey disappears from records after 1860.  The couple’s eldest daughter Margaret never married and is buried near her mother in New Hope Cemetery in Washington County. Talitha Cumi Cravey married William Thomas Jeffries and died very close to the same time as her mother. She is buried there as well.

 

The only son of the family, James Wilkerson Cravey (family last name went back and forth between Wilkinson and Wilkerson), fought in the Civil War.  He enlisted in 1862 and is described as being 5 ft. 8 in., and having fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair. His regiment saw a great deal of active duty.

 

Regiment: 6th Infantry Regiment Florida
Date of Organization: 14 Apr 1862
Muster Date: 9 Apr 1865
Regiment State: Florida
Regiment Type: Infantry
Regiment Number: 6th
Regimental Soldiers and History: List of Soldiers

Regimental History

SIXTH FLORIDA INFANTRY

Early in the spring of 1862 the 6th Florida Regiment was organized at Chattahoochee by the election of Jesse J. Finley as Colonel; Angus McLean, Lieutenant-Colonel; Daniel Kenan, Major.This Regiment was organized by the State and immediately turned over to the Confederate service and ordered to report to Gen. E Kirby Smith at Knoxville, who was then Commander of the Department of East Tennessee. There the 6th and 7th Florida Regiments and the 1st Florida Cavalry, Dismounted, were placed under the command of William G. M. Davis as senior Colonel.In the early spring of 1862 General Smith, with his command, was ordered to join General Bragg in his march into Kentucky in pursuit of General Buel, who was then under retreat. The 6th Florida Regiment went through the Kentucky campaign when General Bragg retreated from the State before General Buel, who had been heavily reinforced and who had again assumed the offensive.Coming out of Kentucky, Colonel Finley was ordered to occupy and defend Cumberland Gap against a possible approach by the enemy. The 6th Florida Regiment was afterward relieved by General Gracie’s Brigade, and the 6th was ordered back to Knoxville where it remained in winter quarters during the winter of 1862-63.The Regiment remained in Knoxville until the following summer, when General Smith’s command was ordered to report to General Bragg at Chattanooga. In the meanwhile, however, Colonel Davis was commissioned a Brigadier General and the 54th Virginia was added to the Brigade, and Colonel Trigg was assigned to the command of the Brigade as senior Colonel.The 6th Florida Regiment was in the bloody battle of Chickamauga, in the reserve corps of the first day’s fight and ordered to make a charge on a Federal battery of artillery.
This charge was made by the Regiment alone through an old field — the battery of the enemy being on the crest of a ridge about the center of the field. In making the charge it was enfiladed by the battery of the enemy to its left, which was near enough to use cannister and grape-shot. The Regiment carried the position and the battery in front retreated. It was now about sun-down, when the Regiment received preemptory orders to retire from the field, which it did bivouacking just outside of the field. In making the charge the Regiment bore itself with distinguished firmness and gallantry.In the next day’s battle the 6th Florida Regiment and the 54th Virginia were supporting a battalion of Confederate artillery, which was not then engaged, when they were ordered to the right to reinforce Gen. Patton Anderson and General Kelly, whose pickets only were then engaged, their ammunition being nearly exhausted. When the two Regiments came up General Anderson gave them their proper alignment for moving squarely upon the enemy, which they did; and about sun-down they cleared the heights of Chickamauga and about five hundred (500) of the enemy, who were armed with Colt’s revolving rifles surrendered — Colonel Trigg, the Brigade commander, and the 7th Florida Regiment under Colonel Bullock having first come up. This was about the last fighting on the second day’s battle of Chickamauga.The army under the command of General Bragg achieved a complete victory over the enemy, but remained a day on the battle field after the battle.
In the meantime Federal General Thomas rallied the fleeing forces of the enemy and occupied the strong fortifications at and around Chattanooga; and General Bragg, occupying Missionary Ridge, laid siege to the beleaguered city.During the winter the Confederate Army was reorganized and all the Florida Regiments, then in the Army of Tennessee, were brigaded together comprising the 6th Florida Regiment, under the command of Colonel McLean, the 7th Florida Regiment, under the command of Colonel Bullock, the 1st and 3d Regiments (consolidated), under the command of Colonel Dilworth, the 4th Florida Regiment, under the command of Col. W. L. Bowen, the 1st Cavalry, Dismounted, under the command of Col. George Troup Maxwell and Colonel Finley was commissioned Brigadier- General and assigned to the command thereof.At the battle of Missionary Ridge, in which the Brigade participated, the 6th Florida Regiment and the 1st and 3d Regiments were in the main Confederate line of battle on the crest of the Ridge; while the 7th Regiment and the 4th Regiment and the 1st Florida Cavalry, Dismounted, were on the picket line in the valley under orders on the advance of the Federal forces to fall back to the intrenchments at the foot of the Ridge; this they executed and they were driven out of the intrenchments by the overwhelming numbers of the enemy and a large portion were captured in ascending the steep acclivities of the Ridge.The 6th Florida Regiment and the 1st and 3rd Regiments were posted in the dip of the Ridge near General Bragg’s headquarters, and occupied their position on the fire line until peremptorily ordered to retire — they being about the last of the Confederate troops to leave the Ridge.The Confederate Army then fell back to Dalton; there it went into winter quarters, and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, succeeding General Bragg, assumed command of the Army.The Brigade was in the battle of Rocky Face in front of Dalton in February when, after two days fight, General Sherman fell back to Chattanooga to wait reinforcements. Having received reinforcements, he advanced again in May with superior numbers and, after a two days’ battle and an attempt to flank General Johnston’s army, the latter commenced the famous retreat under General Johnston to Atlanta.The army then fell back to Resaca and deployed into line of battle in a strong. position and, after a two days’ battle (in which General Finley was wounded) again took up the line of retreat. And, not to be tedious — the Brigade was in all the battles from Dalton to Atlanta, bearing itself with its customary intrepidity and bravery.It was then that General Johnston was removed from the command of the Army and was succeeded by General Hood. The Brigade participated in the battles of Atlanta and Jonesboro, in which last battle General Finley was again wounded.The Brigade was with Hood in his unfortunate and disastrous campaign into Tennessee; and after the retreat of the Confederate Army from Nashville, it was transferred, with General Hood’s command, to North Carolina and was in the battle of Bentonville just before the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox.
Col. Daniel Kenan, in the battle of Bentonville, was wounded in the leg so severely that amputation was necessary; and Col. Angus McLean was killed in the battle of Dallas on the retreat from Dalton to Atlanta.It may be truly said that the Florida troops, in both the Tennesseee Army and in Virginia, conducted themselves with patriotism and gallantry.

Source: Soldiers of Florida in the … Civil War … page 153

Chickamagua after battle report:Report of Col. J. J. Finley, Sixth Florida Infantry.HDQRS. SIXTH REGT. FLORIDA VOLUNTEERS,
Near Chattanooga, Tenn., September 25, 1863.

CAPT.: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by my regiment in the battle of the Chickamauga on Saturday and Sunday, the 19th and 20th instant:On the morning of the 19th, soon after we had crossed the Chickamauga Creek, the regiment was thrown into line of battle with the other regiments of the brigade in an open field, with the enemy’s batteries some distance in our front, but sufficiently near to shell us with effect. Here, by order of the brigade commander, Col. Trigg, our line was formed on a depression in the field for cover from the enemy’s fire. Notwithstanding this precaution, the while of my line was subjected over, and near, diagonally in many places from right to  left, frequently striking in front and ricochetting over my men, who were in a lying position.It was at this time that a shell from the enemy’s guns exploded upon the right of the third company, instantly killing First Lieut. James Harys, then  in command of his company, and his first sergeant, S. F. Staunton, and also Second Sergt. W. R. F. Potter, and wounding Lieut. W. S. Simmons on the left of the second company, commanded by Capt. White.The brigade was then ordered farther in front and my regiment put in position for the support of [Peoples’] battery upon the crest of a ridge. Here we were four about two hours subjected to a heavy fire of shot and shell without any casualty.We remained in this position until about 3.30 p. m., when the whole brigade was ordered to advance to the relief of [Robertson’s] brigade, of Hood’s division, which had for some time been engaging the enemy about half a mile in front. This advance was made under a heavy fire of the enemy’s batteries until we reached an open cornfield in front of my regiment, where the fire became now hot and galling.At this moment the order for a general advance was given and my regiment moved forward through the open field at a double-quick to the crest of the ridge the distance of about 300yards under a raking fire from a battery of the enemy which wasposted on my left, as well as from small-arms and sharpshooters in front. When the crest of the ridge was attained, which brought us within about 60 yards of the enemy’s advance, another battery in our front, and still another diagonally to our right, opened a hot and fierce fire upon us, still aided by the battery upon our left, which kept up without intermission an enfilading fire upon my whole line, which told with terrible effect upon my command.After engaging the enemy in this position for about half an hour without any support whatever, we were ordered to retire by the colonel commanding the brigade, who advanced with my regiment in the charge, witnessed its conduct, and also fully apprehended the necessity of falling back to prevent the utter annihilation of the whole regiment.While engaged with the enemy form the crest of the ridge, his battery in our front was not more than 150 yards from our lines, and upon our first arrival in this position some of his infantry were not more than 50 yards in our front. From his point we poured in a well-directed fire upon the infantry and the gunners in our front, which soon drove them back to the rifle-pits in rear of their battery (which I estimated to be about 150 yards in rear of their battery), leaving the guns unmanned and the battery flag cut down. At this moment, if my regiment could have been supported, I am of the opinion that my brigade commander could have made a successful charge upon the other two of the enemy’s batteries, which had been playing upon us with terrible effect from our first advance to our final retirement. My failure to receive support will be properly accounted for, doubtless, in the report of my brigade commander.The casualties of the regiment in the battle on the 19th briefly sum up as follows, to wit:
Officers and men. K. W. T.
 Officers............. 2 11 13
 Enlisted men......... 33 119 152
 Total........... 35 130 165
 K=Killed. W=Wounded. T=Total.

I cannot conclude the report of the part taken by my regiment in the battle of this day without bearing testimony to the firmness, courage, and constancy which they exhibited under one of the
fiercest and hottest fires which it has ever been the fortune of a command to encounter. But I need not enlarge upon this, as my brigade commander witnessed its conduct from the beginning to the end of this trying day, and will do ample justice to my brave and heroic officers and men in the report which he will be called upon to make. With him I leave my command, who have purchased whatever reputation they may have von upon the sanguinary field at fearful cost of life and blood.I have no particular case of gallantry to mention upon this day. Where all fought with so much valor it would be invidious to discriminate.In regard to the battle of the 20th, I have the honor to report that while First Florida Cavalry (dismounted) and the Seventh Florida Infantry were detached, and while the colonel commanding the brigade was with them to direct their movements, I was ordered forward with the Sixth Florida Regt. and Fifty-fourth Virginia Regt. to relieve Gen. Gregg’s and Col. Kelly’s brigades, which had for some time been closely engaging the enemy on Chickamauga Heights. With these regiments I moved forward with haste to the point indicated, and taking the formation which was supposed to give me the most desirable front to the enemy, we advanced with steadiness and in good order until we passed the pickets thrown in front of Gen. Gregg’s and Kelly’s brigades, and opening fire upon the enemy we continued to advance steadily and constantly until we swept the heights, silencing the fire of our adversary, driving him from his position, and causing him to retire. For a part of the time during our advance we were exposed to a hot fire not only from small-arms and a battery in front, but also from a battery which was upon our right in an oblique direction. At this moment I ordered the firing to cease, and the guns to be loaded and bayonets fixed, in order to take the gun which had been playing upon our front, but before this could be accomplished the enemy had retired and succeeded in withdrawing his piece.At this time, the colonel commanding the brigade came up with the Seventh Florida Regt., and having learned upon the way the position and situation of the enemy, quickly and promptly made a disposition of his forces, and ordered a movement by which some 500 of the enemy were captured, besides a large number of small-arms.In this engagement the casualties in my regiment were as follows, to wit: Killed, 1 private; wounded, 2 lieutenants, 4 privates; total, 6 wounded; missing, 1 private, supposed killed.During the operations of this day I cannot speak too highly of the good conduct and gallantry of both the officers and men of the Fifty-fourth Virginia Regt., commanded by Lieut. Col. John J. Wade. For my own regiment I can pay them no higher and no more deserved compliments than to say that they fully sustained the reputation which they so dearly earned in the bloody conflict of the day before.I have the honor to submit the forgoing report, which has been written in great haste at night upon the field, and under circumstances of the greatest inconvenience.

J. J. FINLEY,
Col., Comdg.Capt. JAMES BENAGH,
Assistant Adjutant-Gen.Source: Official Records
PAGE 435-51 KY., SW. VA., TENN., MISS., ALA., AND N. GA. [CHAP. XLII.
[Series I. Vol. 30. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 51.]

John Doxtator

by Elaine Radditz as told to Mary Matsumoto (our cousin and John’s daughter)

The ancestors of our family came from the tribe made famous in the book ‘Last of the Mohicans’, by James Fennimore Cooper.  They fought with the British in the French and Indian War and later allied themselves with the Americans against the British during the Revolutionary War. (See ‘Forgotten Allies’ by Glatthaar and Martin).

In 1820, crowded off their land in upper New York by European settlers, our great-great-grandparents made the long trek to Wisconsin. Two of the three tribes, the Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians, eventually settled along the eastern banks of Lake Winnebago in what is now Calumet County.

Among Elaine’s (our) ancestors were Moses and Elizabeth Doxtator, who had sixteen children.

Moses Doxtator B. 1813 Lenox, Madison County, NY; D. 1891 Oneida Reservation, Brown County, WI
Elizabeth Cornelius Doxtator, B 1826 Wisconsin, D 1918 Brown County, Wisconsin

 

Stories have been handed down that their son, Peter, played the fiddle so beautifully it brought tears to listeners’ eyes.

After Peter had been married long enough to have eight children, his wife (Elvira Larson) left him. taking only the three oldest with her. Elaine’s father, John, stayed behind, caring for the four younger ones remaining at home. He did much to bring in food and prepare it for his siblings, all this while he was just a schoolboy himself. He’d leave for the little one-room schoolhouse on foot, but instead of going inside, he’d weave back to the road that led to the lake. There, he’d climb in his boat and spend the afternoon fishing so he could bring dinner home to his family.

John grew up two miles south of Stockbridge on the acre of land his grandmother purchased. He was poor, but he knew how to live off the land.

In those days, neighbors threw house parties for entertainment. They’d clear the room of furniture and engage in square dances and jigs to the music of neighborhood musicians. John’s father, Peter, played his violin at these parties, and it was there that John met his wife Frieda, who had come down from the Stockbridge reservation in Red Springs near Shawano to care for her ailing sister in Quinney. The couple married in 1925.

John and Frieda lived on that one-acre plot with a barn, a couple of cows, rabbits, chickens and a horse. Everyone had a horse in those days. Blacksmiths operated shops every few miles. It was in the 1940s before the Doxtator family bough an automobile, a Studebaker.

In the winter of  1923, John and Frieda received at their home in Stockbridge an Onondaga chief from New York. They discussed Indian matters during the visit. The Doxtators drive the chief and a couple who accompanied him to Chilton to catch the train after the visit was concluded. John was driving the team when the sleigh ran into a bump on the snow-covered road. The chief and the others landed in a snowbank and the team came unhitched. No one was hurt. The horses were re-hitched by the light of a lantern and the travelers were soon gliding over the snow again toward Chilton.

John was a hunter and trapper in the beginning. he brought in pelts from high Cliff to the Killsnake Creek in Chilton and as far south as Brothertown walking wherever he went. He sold the furs to the Percy Fur Company in Oshkosh. Buyers would blow on the mink pelts to see if the fur was fine or thick. They paid more for the fine fur of smaller animals.

“One morning,” John told his daughter (Elaine), “I got up early and set out for Quinney Beach at daybreak with three skunk hides and a mink pelt. It was the dead set of winter, and I carried them in a gunny sack slung over my back. I walked across Lake Winnebago to the Percy Fur Company in Oshkosh where they paid me $37 in cash for the hides.”

An accomplished fisherman by this time, he knew the wardens and gave them nicknames, Swampy and Sludge. They always seemed to be lurking around the shore somewhere, watching. If they weren’t around and he happened to catch a sturgeon out of season, though, he’d look both ways and take the catch home.  The local undertaker would haul sturgeon in his hearse (very large fish).

In the 1930s and 1940s, set-line fishing was permitted for several weeks in the fall. The lines were about half a mile long stretched out, with hooks tied every few feet. He would tie ten in a bunch and set the lines in a washtub with the hooks hanging from the rim. John paddled his boat across the lake, releasing the lines, and baiting the hooks with crickets, worms and grubs as he went. He had wooden buoys attached to them every few yards. Later in the day, he’d pull the lines in and arrange the hooks on a rack made of wooden slats. He caught all kinds of fish that way.

In the winter, he built a hut on the ice and laid a straw mat inside the hut. He then cut a hole in the ice and fished for the sturgeon through the hole. He then pulled the large fish through the hole with a pole. This was an art, because if you didn’t spear the sturgeon just right they would drop to the bottom of the lake.

For a time, John worked at the old sorghum mill down by the lake. It operated down the crossroad (now called Artesian Road) off “the old road”  (Lakeshore Drive). Farmers grew sugarcane back then. They’d harvest it, cut it in bundles and shocks, and bring it to the sorghum mill for processing.

Later, Steve Welch hired John to work for his stone company in Quinney. Hired men picked stone in the fields, sometimes having to dynamite the big ones. They built stone fences. John had been cooking since he was a kid, so he made meals for the laborers. On their time off, the guys formed sports teams – the Stone Men vs Quinney, Brothertown or Stockbridge.

When Frieda had her children, Dr. JohnKnauf, a young man at the time, would come out to the Doxtator home to help her deliver. In 1940, Frieda delivered twin girls. (Elaine was one of them).

When Elaine was a child, her father partnered up with the next door neighbor in his junk business.

“It was the perfect business for my dad” said Elaine. “He loved being outside, and he loved to find things.”

The men hauled iron, tin, copper, and aluminum from area farmers, separated it, and trucked it to Sadoff’s in Fond du Lac. Even little Elaine learned to tell the difference between metals.

*********************************

John collected more than scrap metal. Every spring, he’d gather ginseng, catnip, elderberry, consumption weed and wahoo. He not only knew what the plants looked like, he knew exactly where to get them, seeking them out in his special places well into his 80s.

In 1968 John sang an Indian song at a ceremony at Stockbridge Harbor commemorating the trials of the Indians upon their resettlement from the East Coast to Wisconsin.

John lived until he was 89.

John Doxtator made one of the baskets on the lower shelf of this cabinet in the Oneida Museum.
Jul 20, 2012 - Doxtator Stories    1 Comment

Weequehela – Indian King of Central New Jersey

http://spotswoodhistory.tripod.com/id10.html

The Native American legacy of New Jersey has been too often overlooked or neglected by present-day residents of our State, and by historians and other scholars in general. For ten thousand years, long before the Pyramids of Egypt or the Great Wall of China were constructed, cultures and communities flourished in this area. Bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and linked with vast distances via waterways that bear the names Delaware, Hudson, Susquehanna and Ohio, the mid Atlantic region of North America was home to the Lenape Indians, and their Algonquian relations and Iroquois competitors.

In the 1600s, what was to become New Jersey was settled by the Dutch, Swedes and later the English and Scots as part of the colonial era. Tracts of land, both large and small, were usually purchased by the European newcomers from the Native inhabitants. In fact, by law, all Native land had to be first purchased by the Proprietors, and then later resold to colonists. This did not always happen, and in many cases, Indian owners sold to colonists directly. This in turn created confusion as to legitimate title to the land, confusion that would only be permanently settled by the Treaty of Easton in 1758 which relinquished virtually all Indian land claims to the Province of New Jersey.

An important figure in the colonial history of New Jersey was a powerful sachem named Weequehela. His story is pieced together from historical sources including court records, land transfers, government records and newspaper accounts. Perhaps most touchingly, his legacy is still remembered and cherished by the Delaware Indian communities of today. One important element of his ongoing legacy was a letter written by his great granddaughter in the 1860s which has been published in various sources (see below). By the time of his death in 1727, he owned a substantial plantation which included two sawmills along the Manalapan River.

By the early 1700s Weequehela’s property and mill operations were being hemmed in by land grants and settlement, particularly by the Leonard family. This close proximity and desire for additional wood lands created a conflict that erupted into violence in June, 1727 between Weequehela and John Leonard.

Who was this man and why was he so important? Perhaps the best contemporary description comes from Samuel Smith who published the History of Nove Caesarea in 1765. Smith was an important citizen and leader of his day and was well acquainted with the reputation of Weequehela:

The fact was, he was an Indian of great note and account both among Christians and Indians, of the tribe that resided about South-river, where he lived with a taste much above the common rank of Indians, having an extensive farm, cattle, horses and negroes, and raised large crops of wheat, and was so far English in his furniture as to have a house well provided with feather beds, calico curtains, &c. He frequently dined with governors and great men, and behaved well; but his neighbour, captain John Leonard, having purchased a cedar swamp of other Indians, to which he laid claim, and Leonard refusing to take it on his right, he resented it highly, and threatened that he would shoot him; which he accordingly took an opportunity of doing in the spring 1728 [7], while Leonard was in the day time walking in his garden or near his own house, at South-river aforesaid.

Weequehela first appears in land records in 1675 with a sale located near Shrewsbury. Much of his land sales focused on the Millstone and Manalapan watersheds, near present-day Hightstown, Millstone and Manalapan, New Jersey. He was an associate of men such as John Reid, to whom he sold several tracts, to Doctor John Johnston of Scotschester in Monmouth County (Marlboro Township), father of Andrew and Lewis Johnston. Cited as a Native Sakamaker (sachem or leader), his place of residence is written as Quainheetquas, which may be a variation of a spelling of a bridge near his residence in what is now Spotswood. Ironically, a 1701 deed was confirmed by Weequehela in the presence of Samuel Leonard, uncle of Captain John Leonard, who was fatally assaulted by the Sachem in 1727.

By 1700, Weequehela was the acknowledged leader of the Native Americans living in central New Jersey. He was consulted by New Jersey authorities in 1709 to help enlist Indian warriors for an attack against Canada during Queen Anne’s War and he was involved in several legal actions in which he acted as mediator between Indian and colonist.

At the Court of General Quarter Sessions held at Monmouth Court House in Freehold, Weequehela appeared on February 28, 1720 in a matter that foreshadowed his own experience seven years later. As leader of the Indians residing in central New Jersey, he was called upon by Monmouth County officials to bring in an Indian man accused of firing a gun at a white neighbor. Weequehela brought Welehaley and some other unidentified Indian men to court to answer the complaint of Robert Hubbs for shooting at him. After some discussion, during which Welehaley also complained of the actions of Hubbs, the Indian gave up his gun to the court and the complaint was dismissed on both sides.

As to the family of Weequehela, there is uncertainty as to who his father was. One possibility is that his father was Matapeck (better known as Metapis). However, a contemporary document identifies his father as Ireesick. From a letter written in 1708 by William Leeds of Burlington County regarding a land dispute:

[Richard] Stout made some pretence to by the Indian Right but he did not of the Right owner for my father [William Leeds] was obliged to buy it of Ireeseek, waquehelas father, and Stout allowed him for so doing. (Quoted in Stillwell’s Historical Miscellany, Vol. III, p. 449)

Iresick Brook in Old Bridge Township, and a tributary to the South River, is likely named after him. He had sold tracts of land in Monmouth County, along the Raritan and South Rivers in Middlesex County, along the Millstone River and elsewhere.

In 1700, Samuel Leonard of Shrewsbury was granted lands including 1,970 acres on the east side of the South River, beginning at the point where the Manalapan and Matchaponix rivers join, then running west one-half mile to present-day DeVoe Avenue, south 6600 feet, east 7788 feet, and then north to Thomas Warne’s grant and the South River. Of this grant, known as Leonard’s Great Tract, forty-five acres were awarded for his brother, John (East Jersey Deeds, G. p. 211). It was this proximity of John Leonard to Weequehela that ultimately led to violence in 1727.

A letter written by Weequehela’s great-granddaughter (daughter of Bartholomew Calvin) in 1864 provides an insight into the remembrance of the Indian King, and his treatment at the hands of the colonists.

To the Rev. Mr. Marsh,

Dear Sir: Your kind and interesting letter was gladly received, after being over a month on its way here. I was joyfully surprised to hear from you and your family after so long a time, especially little Sara, (I must call her little, because it makes me think of gone-by days) and to learn that there is still in existence one of the Brainerd family.

My father said David [Brainerd] had 2 or 3 large churches amongst the Delawares, as they were scattered about in different parts of the country, they being very numerous at that time. Did my father ever tell you why they were so scattered? It was because they did not like their present King [sachem]. Their former King met his fate some years before. I will tell you something about it. He was a poor pagan, living in heathen darkness. It pains my heart to even think of it, although it is said that he was a very honest, upright man in all his dealings, very much loved by his subjects.

Well, there was a white man lived on his land by the name of Leonard, who kept rum to sell the Indians[Leonard operated a tavern at South River Bridge, present-day Old Bridge village in East Brunswick, NJ]. The King used to have spells of drinking, and, when he got sober, Leonard would tell him he had bought a large tract of land of him and this was repeated over and over. At length he got so enraged at him while walking in the garden, when Leonard told how many miles of land he had signed off to him while he was drinking, he told Leonard, “You have cheated me so much; I am a great mind to shoot you.” L. turned round and faced him, opened his shirt bosom, told me, “Now shoot.” He shot him immediately through the breast, as he always carried a loaded rifle. He then gave himself up to the whites; told them not to come with a large company of men to his house and scare his family. “Send only one man and I will saddle my horse and go with him quietly.” But no, they went with a great company. They did not only take him, but they took all his Negroes, his property of all kind, except one old Negro woman and she hid 12 silver spoons. This was all the property the King’s wife had left her, with 4 or 5 small children, one a few days old. The King had been a great friend to the Governor and to all the whites. The Governor used to go and dine with him and he with the Governor. The King’s name was We-queh-a-lah.

His subjects offered to go and take him out of jail by force, that he might go towards the west. But he told them, “No, I have killed a bad man and am willing to hang for it; and, moreover, I want you to live in peace with your pale-faced brethren. If I should run away the pale face would always be killing you. I shall save a great many lives if I am hung, but I don’t want them to hang me. I want them to shoot me like a man. I did not hang that man; I shot him, and if I let them hang me the Great Spirit will take me to the good hunting ground, but if I run away he won’t let me go there and it would not be right for a King to run away,” and many other such words he said. But they hung him before the time. The Governor sent a reprieve, but it was too late. He was dead.

After that they turned his wife out of her home, took all her land, everything she had. She had a great many horses and cattle, a great deal of silver ware; many such things were given to him by the English. She did not live long after her husband’s death. Her children all died soon after, except his only daughter, 3 years old [Sarah Store II, according to family genealogy]. Poor child, she suffered much while a child. Saw her aunt killed by a white man. I will only say she suffered everything but death. This poor child was my father’s mother. She was one of David Brainerd’s converts; one among the first. He was the first white man she could love. . . .

My great-grandfather told his people before he died they must go west, where there was no pale faces to sell them rum and cheat them out of their lands. Some of them went off before David came amongst them. But after the Brainerds finished their labors amongst them, they went off west to the Ohio or White River country in small bands or companies. Father’s oldest brother [Hezekiah Calvin, a former Wheelock student, and leader of the Brotherton Reservation] went with them. I am happy to say that many of them carried with them the good seed that was sown in their hearts to the far west.

The last company that was left in New Jersey my father brought to New Stockbridge in the State of New York, but they have all nearly died off; some went to Kansas and they are dead. There are none here in this place; only my family….

The Agent is about to make a Treaty with us. I do not know where we shall go next; perhaps to Nebraska, but it does not trouble me in the least. My greatest trouble is where I shall go when I leave this world. . . . Pray for me and my family that I may hold out to the end. Pray for my boys that they may give their hearts to God.

From your sincere friend,

Marian Peters.

Keshena, Shawano Co., June 20, 1864

When Leonard was shot, Weequehela was immediately arrested and a special trial held in Perth Amboy. On June 23rd he was tried and one week later, he was executed. There is no record of the trial, although other contemporary court documents do exist, and there is no record of Governor Burnet’s alleged reprieve. What may be deduced is that Weequehela’s trial was handled in an expedient, and likely extralegal manner with the consequence that the old king was now considered to be expendable. Authorities were so concerned about the proceedings that two companies of militia were called out “to Protect the Sheriff and Officers from any Insult of the Mob or Indians.” (The American Weekly Mercury, July 6, 1727)

From a news account dated August 21, 1727, there was a report from New Jersey that a number of Indians “are come to the Plantation of the late King Wequalia (who was executed for the murder of Capt. John Leonard) in order to Crown a New King in the Room of said Wequalia” (New England Weekly Journal, August 28, 1727)

After Weequehela’s death, Andrew Woolley was named king, and over the next three decades, he was the primary signatory on many deeds. For example, land at Cattail Creek and the Assanpink in Monmouth County was deeded by “King Andrew Woollee” in 1743. Woolley was Weequehela’s sister’s son, which may indicate the traditional Native American custom of leadership passing through the female line. In 1739, Woolley and others, deeded Weequehela’s land to Andrew and Lewis Johnston for what was to become large portions of Spotswood and Helmetta. By 1746 his widow and other relations were prominent members of the Bethel Indian Mission established by David and John Brainerd in present-day Monroe Township, and later held land at the Brotherton Reservation in Burlington County. A map from circa 1760, thirty-three years after Weequehela’s execution, shows Sarah Weequehela’s lot at Brotherton.

Sarah Stone’s signature

Sarah’s lot at the new Brotherton Reservation 1759

Weequehela’s Descendants

Weequehela had one daughter who lived well into old age and who eventually moved to upstate New York by 1802. Mary married Stephen Calvin, noted school teacher of Bethel and Brotherton, and in turn, had many children. The following is from the information found in the Foster Collection at the PA Historical Society, from notes written by Dr. James Alexander in 1832 who interviewed Bartholomew Calvin and from the 1801 petition to dissolve Brotherton, this is the data I’ve gleaned.

Weequehela m. Sarah. In 1766, two Indian women were murdered at Moorestown, NJ. Could these be some of the women Mrs. Peter’s referred to in her letter?

Children: 4 or 5 small children (Peter’s letter), only one daughter survived:

Mary m. Stephen Calvin; their children:

Hezekiah Calvin, b. ca. 1747 (he was prob. between 10 and 12 when he went to Wheelock’s school in 1757]. He was a teacher at Ft. Hunter, NY by 1765 and was in love with Mary Secuter, a Narraganset & fellow-Wheelock student. He was imprisoned for forging a pass for a black person. By the 1770s he is at Brotherton. According to Peter’s letter, he moved west. His name dissappears from Brotherton records after 1788.

Bartholomew Calvin. b. ca. 1761 at Crosswicks according to himself. He was 71 in 1832. I still haven’t found any military service info and he was part of the Brotherton ruling council as early as 1777. He is still doing business in NJ in 1805 over the Weekping/Coaxen tract.

Stephen Calvin. He appears on the 1801 petition to sell Brotherton, he made his mark. I am assuming this was a son of Stephen and Mary.

Mary Calvin, Jr. }

Rebecca Calvin. } one of these daughters, who ever was the youngest, was married to Daniel Simon, a Narraganset minister. Rebecca’s name appears last on the list; perhaps she was the daughter.

There is also a Nathan Calvin on an 1802 document.

For more info on some of Weequehela’s descendents, please see:
http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/a/n/d/Caroline-K-Andler-Dousman/PDFGENE5.pdf

A Brief History of Fredonia, Alabama

The photo above shows the only building left at what was once a thriving crossroads in Fredonia.

 

This article was published at least 50 years ago in the LaFayette, Alabama paper. There is no date on the article and it was clipped and saved by my grandmother, Jimmie Lee James Wilkinson, who lived in Fredonia as child and as a bride.

– Diane Cox

 

Wilkinson home in Fredonia, AL

Wilkinson home in Fredonia, ALThis photo shows the family home, purchased around 1888. This photo of my great grandfather, Archie Wilkinson, his wife Mary Virginia Philpott Wilkinson, and my grandfather, George Maley Wilkinson (with pet goat!), was probably taken around 1898.

The following brief history of Fredonia appears in that community’s scrap book, prepared for entry in the County Community contest. It is our understanding that the author is Miss Eunice Turnham. We believe you will be interested in this story of the community, as follows:

 

 

Over a century ago when the Creek Indians still inhabited Alabama, when virgin forest still covered the land, and before Chambers County was laid out, two brave pioneer families made their way into her domain.

In the early twenties (1820s), John and Sally McDonald Hurst, and Asa and Margaret McDonald Cox pitched their tent under a giant oak on the spot that is now the main street of Fredonia.
Trade was soon begun with the Indians. They exchanged beads and trinkets for furs.Cox soon entered some government land but Hurst did not seem to care for broad acres, possible a character of ministers of the Gospel, for he combined preaching with trading. However Hurst erected the first building there, a log house with the front serving as a store and back as living quarters, on land given him by the Indians. This “free gift” suggested to him the name he soon gave the village.
Other white families soon followed, including the McDonalds, Umphries, Carlisles, Barkers, Wards, Zacharys, Bowens, Blackstons and Robinsons. (Wards had a daughter who married the youngest Wilkerson, Archibald Alonzo.  The Zacharys went on to own thousands of acres and my great grandfather Benjamin James was overseer for them – Diane Cox).
James Monroe Edwards, Pastor at Fredonia Methodist Church

James Monroe Edwards, Pastor at Fredonia Methodist Church

In 1832, the year before Chambers County was formed, a Methodist Society was formed. John Hurst’s store served as a meeting place. There were thirteen charter members. The next year a Methodist Church was built, being the first in the county. (See additional history in my other Fredonia article). In 1833 two preachers were sent by the South Carolina Conference. They were Hugh M. Finley and Sidney Squire. Finley died that same year and his is the first grave in the village. It is located at the Methodist Church cemetery. Another church was later built on the same site as the first (see photo in photo section). Before remodeling, this second church had a slave gallery and the slaves were preached to on Sunday afternoons. My grandfather, James Monroe Edwards, was a minister at this church and is buried in front of the church.

In 1833, Captain William Smith was sent to guard the white families against the Indians. As this was the same year Francis Scott Key was sent to Alabama to represent the Federal Government in the conflict with the State over the removal of the Indians to their new home west of the Mississippi, it seems likely that Captain Smith was sent by the State to protect the white families.

The Baptist Church was organized in 1834, and a small barnlike building was used for services the first year. The Baptist cemetery is located across the road from the site of the first meeting place.

The people of Fredonia were interested in education at an early date and established a Female Academy and a Military Academy which were among the first schools of the state.

The Southern Military Academy was founded in 1851, with Gibson F. Hill, Esq., Principal and Proprietor. Major N. J. Armstrong, graduate of State Military Academy, South Carolina, a Dr. Putnam and J. S. Parker were instructors. In 1854, by a special act of the Legislature, a bill was passed providing for a lottery to be held to raise funds for the Southern Military Academy. $60,000 was given in prizes in this lottery and the Academy received $25,000. The Academy was located one mile west of Fredonia on the left side of the road. (My family’s farm was also to the west of Fredonia on the left side of the road). This Academy is believed to be the beginning of Alabama Polytechnic Institute.

The town grew rapidly until the War Between the States. John Hurst’s store was enlarged and many more stores were erected. Moore and Umphries, Dry Goods and Liquor; Dick Taylor, Fine Wines and Whiskey; R. Haines, Dry Goods and Whiskey; Noland and Satterwhite, General Merchandise and Whiskey; G. C. Johnson, Dry Goods; the last named being the only store that did not sell whiskey.

In “The Formative Period of Alabama” we read that drinking was almost as common as eating, also that saloons might be independent shops but were most often in conjunction with Dry Goods, Grocery Stores or Inns. Fredonia also had a hotel, a livery stable owned by Satterwhite and Birdsong, two wood workmen – Marion Sikes and William Wimbush, and two blacksmith shops. Later stores included Zachary, Walker, Robinson, Heath and Walker, Robinson Heath and Clemons, Noland and Satterwhite. Liquor became more poplar and there were three bar rooms doing a flourishing business at one time.

James L. Robinson came to Fredonia from Georgia to clerk for Merriweather Walker and Alfred Zachary in a general merchandise store and boarded with the Hurst family. In 1856 he met Mary Fletcher Turner who had come to Fredonia to teach in the mixed school. He married her. Although he operated a saloon at one time, he later went to Montgomery and secured a charter for the purpose of prohibiting the sale of liquor in that district.

The seventy-ninth Masonic Lodge in the state of Alabama was established at Fredonia, in a two story building, first used by the Sons of Temperance, the first temperance movement in this section. This temperance organization was revived after the war and called Good Templars.

Fredonia was well represented in the Confederate Army during the War Between the States. A raid was made on the plantation of Alfred Zachary by a detachment from the Federal Army. They took the horses from the farm and left their old broken down ones.

During the latter part of the Nineteenth Century Fredonia was still a prosperous community. The primary interest at that time was agriculture. Both the Military Academy and the Female Academy were gone, but Fredonia still had a good grade school and high school combined. (The building is still there). During this period some prominent names were Bowen, Stodghill, Wimbush, Heath, Cumbee and Page, with the Smartt, Fuller, Adams, Barker and McKinney plantations nearby. (Editor’s Note: the Wilkinson family place of 400 acres was near the crossroads.)

Oct 20, 2011 - Wilkinson Stories    No Comments

Archibald Willkinson and his Children

Abt 1774 – Abt 1829

The founder of our Georgia branch of Wilkerson/Wilkinsons was my third great grandfather Archibald Wilkerson/Wilkinson. (Spelling was phonetic and varies.) Based on various census documents and the age of his children, our guess is he was born some time around the mid 1770s, very possibly in Scotland. His parents probably came over by ship to the Cape Fear area of North Carolina.There was a large clan of Wilkinsons who settled in this area, and many of them shared the same first names as Archibald, his wife and his children.Little documentation exists for Archibald.

Some have speculated, based on the age of his youngest child when he arrived in Troup County, that Margarett was his second wife. On the other hand, one of his two older daughters was named Margarett, so that may have no basis.

We can only guess at his life, but we do have a few written records: the administration of his estate, a purchase of property as a newly arrived settler of Troup County, and the information that he moved there with his wife Margarett and ten of their known children in 1827. The family is shown by land records to have come to Troup from Monroe.

Archibald, the patriarch, did not live long thereafter and died prior to March of 1829. He left no will, so returns on his estate were published until 1845, when all assets were finally distributed. It is this information that has provided much of the basic information about his children and their marriages.

We know he had a spirit of adventure, setting off into what had been until very recently the frontier, inhabited by Creek Indians and fur traders.Our family verbal history maintained that Archibald originally came to Georgia from Robeson County, NC. One of his daughters later indicated that her father and mother were natives of Scotland on the census. My research has led me to believe that he came to this country from Scotland as a very small child, probably somewhere around 1770 to 1775. The family first names are certainly very Scottish and repeat many of the same names in other branches of the Scottish Wilkerson clan that settled in the general area of Fayetteville, Cumberland County, North Carolina.

I have found records of an Archibald Wilkinson in Cumberland County, Richmond County and also in Robeson County, which is just south of Cumberland. Just south of Robeson, in Chesterfield District, SC, there are also records of an Archibald Wilkinson. So, it is easy to see how confusing this search has been.Old maps show a distinct road across the frontier and most travelers, especially ones moving a large household, would have followed the same path from North Carolina to Troup. They would have come down through Cheraw, South Carolina, past Columbia, through what is now Augusta, GA. They would have moved across the state from Wilkes to Taliaferro, through Greene and Morgan Counties and on to Jasper County and from there to Monroe.

Once the 1827 Lottery was held many moved on to their winnings in the western part of the state. Others, like my distant grandfather, purchased parcels from speculators. There were earlier lotteries held, but our family was in the state only for the 1827 one.

The family moved from Monroe County, Georgia to Troup, but all of the children except the youngest Joseph, who was a babe in arms of less than six months, were born in North Carolina.

Archibald purchased 202.5 acres from Whitfield Sledge in District 5, Lot 267 for $250.  (Archibald would not have been eligible to participate in the lottery, because a three year residency was required.  Many speculators played the lottery with the intent of re-selling the parcels). Mr. Sledge purchased this from William L. Astin, who won it in the land lottery. At this time, Troup County was newly created from the Cherokee Land Lottery, and the removal of the Creek Indians.

There may have been earlier relationships between the families of Archibald Wilkinson, William E. Potts, William Browning, and David Johnston. Two of Archibald’s sons married girls from Monroe County.   Neal K., the oldest son to accompany him on the migration, married Rebecca Johnston, daughter of David Johnston who was one of the original settlers of Monroe County. Alexander (Sandy), one of the younger sons, married Jane Adaline Potts, daughter of William A. Potts, who lived in the same district in Monroe County as David Johnston.

Early census records show David Johnston in Jasper County as early as 1800. He migrated there from Newberry District in South Carolina, which is just south of Cumberland and Robeson in North Carolina. Indeed, at times the county lines between North and South Carolina varied. There were also Wilkersons in Jasper County at this time, but no relationship has been proven. It is however interesting that the descendants of these Wilkersons were found living in the same areas of Long Cane, Georgia as well as Chambers and Macon Counties in Alabama in future years. The Potts family was also in Jasper County then moved on to Monroe. Some eventually moved on to Troup and founded the Potts Store where later descendants of Archibald traded.

A common thread between these men may have been service in the Revolutionary War, for which frontier lands were often the reward for valor.

Archibald’s descendants attended the Long Cane Church. Tradition would indicate that Archibald and Margarett were buried on the family farm, which is now under West Point Lake. The Corp of Engineers moved the graves of Neal K, Rebecca, John, David, James, Elizabeth and Ezra to the cemetery at Long Cane Church. There are two unmarked graves there as well, perhaps those of Archibald and Margarett.

Marriages of the Children

As the family crossed the state, they may have made friends or visited with former friends from the Carolinas. As you can see, the children married six people from states through which the family would have journeyed on their trek from Robeson County to Troup County.

Archibald’s time in Troup County was short. He died intestate before 1829. He left behind ten children ranging from 24 years old to less than two years and a widow, Margarett. His possessions were handled by different administrators, including neighbors W.W. Carlisle and David B. Cameron. Three appraisers were appointed by the court to inventory his possessions. Records of the sale of his worldly goods to thirty different purchasers can be found in the Troup County Archives. His slaves, Mack, Sarah, Dick, Sealy (sp?), Harriet and Arthur were all purchased by the administrator of the estate, David B. Cameron, on November 25th, 1829, with the exception of Tempy who was retained by the widow. We might guess that she was the younger children’s nursemaid. It appears that Margarett must have been in her mid to late forties when she became a widow.

The family moved to the area just one year before the city of LaGrange was formed. The land that Archibald purchased was in the Long Cane District. Other nearby landowners included the Potts and Tatum families, whose properties were all adjacent to the Wilkinson land.

Most Scottish immigrants were Presbyterian, having sought to evade religious oppression in the old country. This is borne out by the fact that two of the older daughters who were in their late teens at the time were among the fourteen founding members of First Presbyterian Church of LaGrange in On March 21, 1829, ninety-five days after the town of LaGrange was chartered.

It is my theory that John had already married before the family left North Carolina and therefore did not make the trip to Georgia. After their father’s death, the remaining oldest children began to marry. First to marry were Flora and Margarett, who appear to have been very close. They were even married on the same day – August 24, 1830 in Troup County. The two sisters married young men from Morgan County, Georgia. Jane married James Cravey in December of 1830 and Neal K. married Rebecca Johnston of Monroe County, GA, on February 7th, 1831.

The land was rolling and beautiful with creeks and streams and the Chattahoochee River close by.

“Long before the white men came to this region the proud Creek Indians called it home. When the covered wagons arrived bringing settlers and merchants from northeast Georgia and the Carolinas, they found a warm welcome and a deep satisfaction in their decision to settle here.

The beginning of the community was made when log homes were built and farmers began to till the fertile soil. The settlement had no name but soon it became known as Franklin. A busy trading post was established and the owners began to sell calico, sugar, blankets, pins and other necessities to the Indians and newcomers.

In 1832 the unsettling news was brought that there was already a village named Franklin to the north in Heard County.

To avoid confusion another name was selected and a new sign was nailed up at the trading post which read West Point, Established 1832.There were about 100 people living here (West Point/Long Cane area) at that time and they began to think about the need for a school and a church. This problem was solved with the erection of a large log structure which served as a school and common church building, and was located close to where the Confederate Cemetery is today.

“The swiftly flowing Chattahoochee was beautiful and teeming with fish, but its width and depth were discouraging to the settlers who wished to cross over to the west side. A number of ferries came into use and canoes were plentiful but a more permanent crossing was needed.”


KNOWN CHILDREN IN ORDER OF BIRTH

Jane – Born 1803 – Died 1877

Jane was the oldest come to Georgia. She was born in 1803. She married James Cravey, who was seven years her junior, in Troup County on December 8, 1830. Sometime between 1833 and 1837, the Craveys moved to Alabama. They lived in Coffee County, Alabama, then moved south to Washington County, Fl.


Neal K. Born May 20, 1804 – Died February 27, 1865

Neal K.
married Rebecca Johnston, whose family were original pioneer settlers of
Monroe County and for whom the Johnstonville Historic District, now
located in Lamar County, GA is named. They were married in Troup County on
February 7, 1831 The marriage dates of the other three older girls all fall in 1830. It appears that he is making sure they are wed before he is wed himself, since he is now the head of the family.

John (I am not dead certain about this one part)

John Wilkerson did not accompany the family on the migration, having just married Ann McKenzie on July 3rd, 1826 in Fayetteville. He remained there and they had two sons, John and James. John died in 1828 in Chesterville, SC of a kick from a horse. His orphans are mentioned in the final two years of returns on his father’s estate. His wife supported her little family as a Mantua Maker, a popular ladies dress pattern of the times and was assisted by two other McKenzie ladies, who lived with her until she died.

Margarett – Born before October 1812 – Died after 1880

Margarett married Pleiades Orion Lumpkin (nickname – Dan), son of Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia. As governor of Georgia, Wilson Lumpkin oversaw the Land Lottery of 1832, which eventually led to the removal of the Cherokee in the Trail of Tears. Later, as president of the Western and Atlantic, he oversaw North Georgia’s growth after the immense Panic of 1837. Marthasville, now known as Atlanta, was named for his daughter twice (Martha Atalanta Lumpkin).

Flora – Born before October 1810 – Died before 1860

Flora married George Washington Browning, son of William Browning. The 1830 Troup County census shows the young couple living in Capt. Morris’ District.

These two sisters seem to have been inseparable in the early years of their lives. The two young families moved west to Texas together where the husbands fought in the battle for Texas Independence. P.O. went on to be a Texas congressman and Wash was a lawyer and the first commissary for Fort Houston.

Alexander J. Wilkinson – Born November 10, 1815 – Died November 10, 1855

Alexander married Jane Adaline Potts of Monroe County. The Potts family were well to do millers. Other members of the Potts family also settled in Long Cane and there is a Potts store still there today.
Sandy and Jane moved to Tallapoosa County, Alabama. Things did not go well for them there and 1855 was an especially devastating year for Jane, for first her twin babies died at birth, then her husband of only
forty years of age died two months later.

Archibald Alonzo Wilkinson – Born July 14, 1818 – Died 1867

Archibald Alonzo was deaf. His first wife was Bethany Ward of Greene County. There is evidence to indicate, in the form of written documentation, that he was an alcoholic. Bethany died very
young and in her will indicated that her children and her two slaves were to be the wards of her father, Stephen Ward. She and AA were not living together at the time. He later moved
to Arkansas to join his sister Mary Ann and her husband. While there, he married Frances Milner, the widowed sister of Mary Ann’s husband.

Rebecca Wilkinson – Born December 26, 1824 – Death date unknown

Rebecca married John Milton Andrews and the couple lived in Chambers County, Alabama. They had a number of daughters and Mr. Andrews, who was older than Rebecca by fifteen years, died in 1857.
at the age of 49. No further information is available about Rebecca other than this.

Mary Ann Wilkinson – Born September 6, 1825 – Died September 18, 1899

Even though Mary Ann and her family also lived in Alabama at the same time as Sandy and Jane, they moved on to Arkansas sometime between 1850 and 1860. Archibald Alonzo joined them there and helped
them work their farm.

Joseph Wilkinson – Born July 28, 1827 – Died January 1, 1834

 

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